Informations

This is the most pristine part of the island with the clear blue waters, the beautiful beaches and the wild beauty of the landscape. The amazing view of the small Cyclades and Amorgos from the protected by the meltemia port of Panermos, you can visit with a traditional boat the cave of Rina and get to know the beaches of the area. Also worth a visit is the prehistoric Acropolis of Panermos that dominates the port. In the unique canteen that exists it is worth to try local products and flavors of Naxos and of course to swim in the turquoise waters and relax on the beach with the palm trees.

Location

Naxos is the largest and most fertile island of the Cyclades. It is located in the center of the Cyclades, south of it Mykonos and its east Paros. It has an area of ​​430 square meters. km and coastline 148 km. The relief of the island is formed by a low mountain range that crosses it from north to south, with the highest peak Za or Drios (ie Zeus / Zeus) (1,002 m.)[4]. This name is due to the mythological tradition that Zeus, according to one version, was born and raised in Naxos.

In this mountain range, moving from north to south, we meet the following peaks: Katsoprino (422 m.), Anathematistra (778 m.), Korono (997 m.), Mavrovouni (869 m.), Za (1,002 m. ), Kavallari (521 m.) And Viglatouri (418 m.). The eastern slopes of the mountain range are steep, while the western slopes smoothly towards a densely populated area with arable land.

History

The importance of Naxos has been in the long historical duration, not only primary but formative in the historical course, not only in the Cycladic but also in the wider Greek area. It has always been famous for the large amount of its exported marbles, for the emery, for the multitude of its springs, for the crowded gardens, for the beauty of its plains, for the olive groves, the orange groves, the lemon groves, for its citrus, for its vineyards and its famous wine, for its livestock and its cheeses but also for its salt. At the same time, because the sea "isolates" it remained genuine, unusual, different, self-sufficient. Pindar calls Naxos "liparan" and Herodotus confirms that "Naxos was blessed by the islands". Archilochus Parios likened the wine of Naxos to nectar drunk by the gods. The god predominantly associated with Naxos is Dionysus who embodied the benevolent forces of nature. He was born and raised in Naxos where he married Ariadne after being abandoned by Theseus. The marriage with the god and her death, which foreshadowed her resurrection, was intensely celebrated on the island because it was related to the maturation and rebirth of Nature.

Naxos has been inhabited since the Middle Paleolithic period (80 to 130,000 BC), probably by Neanderthals, as found by recent excavations in the Stelida area. Traces of habitation of the Mesolithic era (around 9 millennia BC) have also been found in the Roos area. These excavations took place at the beginning of the 21st century